Concepts → Date System Variable
About a date system variable
A date system variable references date or time information. Incorta offers numerous built-in data system variables. A date system variable is available to all users and all services. The Formula Builder gives you access to date system variables when building formula expressions. Incorta calculates a date system variable when invoked.
Invocation of a date system variable
Incorta is an Apache Tomcat web application that runs in a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) on a host machine. By default, the JVM utilizes the host machine’s configurations for date and time.
Because a host machine may exist in another time zone, there is typically a disparity in time between a web browser on a client machine and the JVM running Incorta on the host machine.
When a date system variable is used, Incorta will base the time/date information on the host machine’s designated time zone, not the user. Incorta users should be aware of this fact when creating time sensitive formulas and filters.
See Changing the JVM Time Zone to change the host machine time zone.
Date system variable in a physical schema
If you create a formula column in a physical schema that utilizes a date system variable, the variable is interpreted at load time and stored in memory.
Date system variable in a business schema or dashboard
If you use a date system variable in a business schema or dashboard, the variable is calculated at the time of query.
List of Date System Variables
Following are the available date system variables within Incorta:
|$currentDate||date||The current date||10/3/20|
|$currentDay||integer||The current day; displayed as day of month||3|
|$currentMonth||integer||The current month||10|
|$currentMonthEnd||date||The last date of the current month||10/31/20|
|$currentMonthStart||date||The first date of the current month||10/1/20|
|$currentQuarter||integer||The numerical value of the current quarter||4|
|$currentQuarterStart||date||The first date of the current quarter||10/1/20|
|$currentTime||timestamp||Timestamp of current date and time||10/7/20, 8:12:14 PM|
|$currentWeek||integer||The numerical value of the current week of the year||40|
|$currentWeekStart||date||The date of the first day of the current week.||9/27/20|
|$currentYear||integer||The current year||2020|
|$currentYearStart||date||The first date of the current year||1/1/20|
|$dayAgo||date||The date of the previous day||10/2/20|
|$lastMonth||integer||The numerical value of the previous month||9|
|$lastMonthStart||date||The first date of the previous month||9/1/20|
|$lastQuarter||integer||The numerical value of the previous quarter||3|
|$lastQuarterStart||date||The first date of the previous quarter||7/1/20|
|$lastWeek||integer||The numerical value of the previous week of the year||39|
|$lastWeekStart||date||The first date of the previous week||9/20/20|
|$lastYear||integer||The previous year||2019|
|$lastYearStart||date||The first date of the previous year||1/1/19|
|$monthAgo||date||The date one month ago||9/3/20|
|$nextMonthStart||date||The first date of the next month||11/1/20|
|$quarterAgo||date||The date one quarter ago||7/3/20|
|$weekAgo||date||The date one week ago||9/26/20|
|$yearAgo||date||The date one year ago||10/3/19|
Date system variable formatting
If you are using a date system variable as the output of a formula column, the format can be edited in the properties panel of the Analyzer. The data type of a date system variable will determine which format properties can be used.
Changing the JVM Time Zone
You can change the time zone of the host JVM machine. This is an option if your Incorta users are in one time zone and the Incorta host machine is on a different time zone.
The following steps require command line changes to Incorta Nodes. If you are not comfortable with editing systems from command line contact Incorta support for assistance.
Following are the steps to change the JVM time zone:
- Backup the file
startService.shfile by changing the following line:
export JAVA_OPTS="-Xms"$memorySize" -Xmx"$memorySize" -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8"
export JAVA_OPTS="-Xms"$memorySize" -Xmx"$memorySize" -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8" -Duser.timezone=America/Los_Angeles
- The above change needs to be completed in both the loader and analytics nodes.
- Restart the Incorta services.
- Complete a full load from staging.